The Benefits of Being Involuntarily Rebooked on a Flight
No one desires to experience the inconvenience of being involuntarily rebooked on a flight, but savvy travelers can turn it to their advantage.
It's a satisfying feeling to have a wallet that's bursting at the seams. At least, that's what I found myself thinking after a recent journey from Dubai to Frankfurt, during which the airline staff approached me with an offer to switch my business class seat to premium economy for 800 euros (approximately US$965). The flight was overbooked in the business class section, and I readily accepted the offer.
When airlines overbook flights, it has the unintended consequence of driving down airfares for everyone, preventing empty seats. Airlines rely on historical data to estimate the average number of passengers who won't show up for a flight, whether due to changes in plans, tardiness, or opting for other flights. And when the airline's predictions go awry, you can take advantage of the situation.
How to Determine if Your Flight is Overbooked
Especially during the winter holiday season and long weekends in the warmer months, packed flights are common. However, just because the seat map appears full, it doesn't necessarily mean the flight is overbooked. Seat maps are not the most reliable method to gauge how full a flight is. Airlines reserve seats for specific passengers, and some travelers forego pre-assigning seats to avoid fees. This can make the flight seem less occupied than it actually is, and you won't know which seats have been blocked.
Airlines often reach out to potential volunteers online through their app or at the airport check-in kiosk in the days leading up to a flight. But this doesn't guarantee that the flight will require volunteers when it's time for departure. Some passengers might arrive late or miss their connections from other flights. It's a good practice to arrive at the gate one hour before departure and express your willingness to volunteer. Why? Because gate agents are busy, and they don't always follow the list of volunteers from the website or kiosk.
You can also do some research beforehand to gauge the likelihood of being needed. For example, if you can still purchase a ticket for the same flight, it's probably not overbooked. Websites like Expert Flyer offer reliable information to travelers regarding the number of available seats. You can also inquire with ticket agents about whether your flight is overbooked; in most cases, they will inform you. United's website even features an "expert mode" that discloses how many seats are available in each fare category, and the airline's mobile app can also confirm whether a cabin is full by checking the standby list.
Flights More Likely to be Overbooked
Busy travel days such as Monday, Thursday, and Friday are more susceptible to overbooked flights than other days of the week. However, keep in mind that if you fly early in the morning, there's a higher likelihood of passengers oversleeping and missing their flights. On the other hand, passengers on morning flights are more likely to reach their destinations, while those flying later in the day may encounter issues like flight delays and cancellations, resulting in more passengers competing for fewer seats.
Business travel routes, such as New York to Chicago or Dallas to Los Angeles, are particularly prone to overbooking because corporate travelers often make last-minute changes to their plans. Airlines are aware of this and are willing to overbook these flights to ensure they depart at full capacity. (It's worth reiterating: Airlines lose money on empty seats.)
In the event of adverse weather conditions, it's advisable to arrive at the gate early because prior flight cancellations may have led to other flights being overbooked, increasing your chances of being involuntarily rebooked. When flying on small regional aircraft, there's a greater chance of being bumped, as these planes are sometimes subject to weight restrictions on shorter runways or longer routes. If you're hoping to be involuntarily rebooked, smaller planes offer a better opportunity than larger ones.
What to Expect in Compensation When Involuntarily Rebooked
While it might seem tempting to negotiate with a gate agent regarding compensation, their ability to offer compensation is generally limited. Airlines have publicly stated that they may offer as much as $10,000 in case of overbooking, but this is a rare occurrence and is only extended if no one accepts a lower compensation offer. Sometimes, agents may increase the compensation level if they don't find enough takers at the initial level. If you were among the first to volunteer at the lower compensation tier, ensure that the agent provides you with the highest amount available (inform them that it's a condition of your volunteering).
If you wish to request additional benefits like lounge access or meal vouchers, some agents may agree, but keep in mind that agents ultimately answer to their supervisors. Also, if your new flight necessitates an overnight stay, the airline should provide you with a hotel and meal voucher, although it may be necessary to remind the agent about the meal voucher.
Golden Rules for Being Involuntarily Rebooked
Always arrive at the gate early and politely inform the agent of your willingness to volunteer. Agents are more likely to rebook a solo traveler than a group. Travelers without checked bags or onward connections are typically the first to be chosen as volunteers, so pack lightly. Let the gate agent know that you'll be waiting nearby; if you venture too far, the agent may seek another volunteer. Being close by is advantageous in case the agent has further questions or suggests an alternative flight. Meanwhile, research alternative flight options, but be aware that some airlines, like Delta and American, no longer accommodate each other's passengers in these situations.
Airlines have become adept at avoiding the need to involuntarily rebook passengers thanks to years of historical data. However, if you play your cards right, you might find yourself in a fortunate position. And remember, when offering your seat voluntarily, always ensure that your existing seat remains unchanged in the event that your assistance isn't required, as your kind offer may result in being seated in a middle seat at the back of the plane!